Greece and Italy have a long-standing relationship that has been strengthened over the years through various economic, political, and cultural agreements. Recently, the two countries signed an agreement that could have significant implications for the future of Mediterranean energy resources.

The Greece-Italy agreement is centered around a new underwater gas pipeline that will transport natural gas from the eastern Mediterranean to Italy via Greece. The pipeline, known as the EastMed pipeline, is set to be the longest and deepest gas pipeline in the world, spanning over 1,900 kilometers and reaching depths of up to 3,000 meters.

The EastMed pipeline will connect Greece, Cyprus, and Israel, providing a direct route for their natural gas exports to reach European markets. The project is expected to provide a significant boost to the economies of the three countries, as well as reduce Europe`s dependence on gas imports from Russia.

The Greece-Italy agreement also includes provisions for the development of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal in Greece, which will allow for the import of gas from other countries, further diversifying Europe`s energy supply.

To understand the potential impact of this agreement, it is helpful to look at a map of the region. The following map shows the location of the EastMed pipeline and the proposed LNG terminal:

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As you can see, the pipeline will begin in Israel and travel through Cyprus and Greece before reaching Italy. It will pass through some of the world`s deepest waters, making it a remarkable technical achievement.

The LNG terminal will also be located in Greece, specifically in the port of Alexandroupolis. This location was chosen for its strategic importance, as it provides access to the Black Sea region, which is a significant consumer of gas.

Overall, the Greece-Italy agreement is a significant development for the region and for Europe as a whole. It will strengthen ties between these two important European countries, promote economic development and energy security, and reduce Europe`s dependence on Russia for gas imports. It is yet another example of how collaborative efforts can result in significant benefits for all parties involved.